as though you would never be able to master it; hold it as
though you would be in fear of losing it.
By three methods we may learn wisdom:
First, by reflection, which is noblest; Second, by imitation, which is
easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest.
is to know the extent of one's ignorance.
The more man
upon good thoughts, the better will be his world and the
world at large.
Study the past if you would divine the future.
They must often change who would be constant in
I am not one who was born in the possession of knowledge;
I am one who is fond of antiquity, and earnest in seeking it there.
In a hamlet of ten households, there are bound to be
those who are my equal in doing their best for others and in being
trustworthy in what they say, but they are unlikely to be as eager to
learn as I am.
He who merely knows right principles is not equal to him
who loves them.
Learning without thought is labor lost; thought without
learning is perilous.
Ignorance is the night of the mind, but a night without
moon and star.
He who learns but does not think, is lost! He who thinks
but does not learn is in great danger.
The essence of knowledge is,
having it, to apply it;
having it, to confess your ignorance.
Even when walking in the company of two other men, I am
bound to be able to learn from them. The good points of the one I copy;
the bad points of the other I correct in myself.
The scholar who cherishes the love of comfort is not fit
to be deemed a scholar.
Those who do not study are only cattle dressed up in
The determined scholar and
the man of virtue will not
seek to live at the expense of injuring their virtue. They will even
sacrifice their lives to preserve their virtue complete.
The man who in view of gain thinks of righteousness; who
in the view of danger is prepared to give up his life; and who does not
forget an old agreement however far back it extends Ė such a man may be
reckoned a complete man.
Look at the means which a man employs,
consider his motives, observe his pleasures. A man simply cannot conceal
The people may be made to follow a path of